Who we are

The Smallholder Horticulture Program (SHP) is a Joint Technical Program involves cooperation between three partners: USAID- the United States Agency for International Development, MASHAV- Israel’s Agency for International Development Cooperation, and MoANR- Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Ethiopia. In general, the program has been implemented since 2005 and specifically the 4th Phase to be implemented between May 2016 and 2019 in Ethiopia.

What we do

Goal and purpose

The SHP's strategic objective is to promote economic growth in rural areas through strengthening commercialization of smallholder farmers in horticulture production in areas with recognized market potential. The 4th phase of SHP’s purpose is to develop a competitive and sustainable fruit development sector focusing on establishing a base for avocado export for Ethiopian farmers. 

Capacity Building

The project has performed intensive capacity building activities- specifically, smallholder farmers are trained on improved orchard management techniques and fruit harvesting and post-harvest management techniques. In addition, the program provides trainings to experts and development agents in order to support the production of planting materials and extension of these improved planting materials. Furthermore, work has been started to build up the capacity of the nursery and extension promoters to adopt Global GAP requirements so as to be ready for certification.

Fruit trees plantation, expansion and production management

In order to achieve its objective, the program focuses on the development of horticultural plant propagation. This is achieved by introducing and supplying improved facilities, equipment and materials from Israel, as well as through intensive capacity building activities.

The program assists the smallholder farmers on avocado and deciduous fruits production and marketing. For this purpose, the program work on expansion of improved verities, and specifically on orchard management (pruning, fertilization etc, top-working or old fruit trees rehabilitation) and so on.  

 The program demonstrates small scale farms/farmers and large-scale avocado plantation with timely production planning and quality control inspections. Thus, the program’s nursery centers produce high yielding and internationally marketable varieties of avocado such as HASS, various rootstocks are also introduced for adaptation to different soil and water conditions and tolerant to soil-borne diseases.

Avocado fruits marketing

In the previous phase/SHP III, the program involved in export piloting program of avocado to produce by link of smallholder farmers produce- from Mecha in Amahra and Meskan woreda in SNNP regions- to Europe. In collaboration with Israeli company MASDRIN, avocado fruits from smallholder farmers produce in Mecha and Meskan woredas from Amahra and SNNP regions respectively, avocado fruits were sent to Europe markets, specifically to France. The result was encouraging and thus SHP plan to focus on establishment of avocado export base in Ethiopia, with improving their capacity and linking the smallholder farmers to international avocado export markets.

Therefore, the 4###sup/sup### phase of SHP’s target is to export a total of 10 metric tons in 2016 and around 125 metric tons before handing-over the program to MoANR in 2019. With this plan, the program has already managed to export around 9.88 metric tons of avocado fruits (HASS variety) to Europe market in August 2016, achieving around 99% of its export target. In general, the farmers are supported to establish improved orchards so as to produce marketable avocado fruits for local and export markets.

Where we work

The current Smallholder Horticulture Program (SHP) IV is designed to be implemented mainly in six woredas, namely Mecha, Basona Worena, Guto Gida, Meskan, Boloso Sore and Raya Alamata woredas in four main regions of Ethiopia- Amhara, Tigray, Oromia and SNNPR.

The program provides support five centers for avocado fruits production and marketing, namely Picolo, Butajira, Areka, Uke and Alamata as well as Debre Berhan center for deciduous fruits. Furtheremore, the program works with regional BoANR, AGP Greenpath, GIZ etc nursery centers in order to improve the quality and quantity of markatable grafted avocado seedlings supply and distribution in the country. 

Collaboration and partnership 

The program has started working and collaboration with international and national institutions and aid agencies as well as private enterprises through provision of training, supply of seedlings, technical support and so on. This will enable empowerment of smallholder farmers through addressing fruits production and marketing in a coordinated and resource saving manner.